Along those lines, my IM and texts messages have been blowing up since we pulled out of the Kern County Raceway Park parking lot. So I only have to do this once, here is a breakdown of the possibilities: Entering the season finale at the Stockton Dirt Track, Hirst owns a narrow point lead over Golobic. Keep in mind that there are just two ways to earn points in the King of the West-NARC series … qualifying and the main event.
Download 72K pdf file to print on your computer. You may distribute in any manner. You may add your own contact information, but you may not modify in any other way without specific permission from www. How many men served in the U. How many were killed or wounded? According to some sourcesmen served on over 6, American and Allied ships.
About 2, died in defense of their country, and at least 1, were wounded as a result of enemy action. Merchant ships were sunk or damaged in World War II? According to the War Shipping Administration, a total of 1, ships were sunk to due to war conditions, including ships of over 1, gross tons.
Hundreds of other ships were damaged by torpedoes, shelling, bombs, kamikazes, mines, etc. Foreign flag ships, especially those with Naval Armed Guard on board as well as ships belonging to U.
Our present total is 1, ships sunk, damaged, captured or detained. Navy instructions to American ship masters were to destroy his ship and its records: The ship shall be defended by her armament, by maneuver, and by every available means as long as possible. When, in the judgment of the Master, capture is inevitable, provision should be made to open sea valves and to flood holds and compartments adjacent to machinery spaces, start numerous fires and employ any additional measures available to insure certain scuttling of the vessel.
She was eventually released. Merchant mariners were subject to the draft if they took more than 30 days shore leave. Experienced mariners who had been drafted were released by the Army to serve in the Merchant Marine. Harold Harper "dodged" the draft by being torpedoed 6 times.
Nick Hoogendam, who was too young for the Army or Navy, spent 83 days on a liferaft drinking rainwater and eating "sushi. Michael Horodysky was classified 4F in the draft due to a bad heart and sailed the dangerous Murmansk run and took part in the North African invasion.
Harold "Bud" Schmidt joined the Merchant Marine as one-eyed year-old kid.
Were Merchant Mariners subject to court martial? Six crewmen of a Liberty ship did hard labor for refusing to work in a dispute with shoreside stevedores over loading tanks for the invasion of Sicily. During the War, gossip columnist Walter Winchell and others spread untrue stories about mariners refusing to unload at Guadalcanal, supposedly leaving the job to sick marines.
Winchell and the newspapers that carried these stories lost the libel suits filed against them, and were forced by the court to apologize, print retractions, and to pay damages. Unfortunately, the myth that mariners refused to unload ships in Guadalcanal persists.
Was the Merchant Marine's job and dangers over with the Japanese surrender? Men are still needed to man merchant ships in excess of those presently available and will be needed for some months to come.
The job of the wartime Merchant Marine has not been completed. Millions of our armed forces must be brought home and supplies must be carried to the occupation forces throughout the world. Supplies must also be carried for the rehabilitation of devastated areas. Coast Guard, or U.
Merchant Marine in war service? The Merchant Marine was first. On June 12,a party of Maine mariners, armed with pitchforks and axes, inspired by the news of the recent victory at Lexington, Massachusetts, used an unarmed lumber schooner to surprise and capture a fully armed British warship, HMS Margaretta, off the coast of Machias, Maine.
The men used the captured guns and ammunition from the ship to bring in additional British ships as prizes. American privateers soon disrupted British shipping all along the Atlantic coast.
The Revenue Cutter Service was founded on Aug.
The Coast Guard is made up of several "component" services: The name Coast Guard was not used until the 20th Century, when the components were combined. However, the other two components were around long beforeespecially the Lighthouse Service. The Continental Navy was founded inbut ended operation at the end of the Revolutionary War.What is the Merchant Marine?
The Merchant Marine is the fleet of ships which carries imports and exports during peacetime and becomes a naval auxiliary . One time in particular, I remember Bud coming over to collect his girls before the family headed out to eat.
He had injured his forearm in some frightening way, and it was held together by a plastic medical brace with a dozen metal pins punching through his skin and screwed into his bones. Bud, Not Buddy takes place in the state of Michigan during the time of the Great Depression. Although the characters in the story are made up, the way the characters live and many of the people and events mentioned in the story are real.
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