It undertakes some sorts of humans like ethic, occupational, class, etc.
Posted on March 21, by petrudumitru Factors affecting intercultural communication Researchers list various factors affecting the face-to-face intercultural communication ICC.
Five of them may as well apply to the intercultural computer-mediated communication: Perceptions vary from a culture to another; Cultural values. They are grouped into a unique set of norms which characterises a culture.
Basic values like good or bad, right or wrong are defined differently in world cultures.
There might be universal values like peace and solidarity which are recognised by all world cultures. Differences in defining and judging values lead to cultural conflicts between people from different cultures; Social organisation. Within a culture, the smallest unit of social organisation is the family, while the largest one is the society.
Family plays a crucial role in influencing the attitudes, perceptions and values of individuals.
Both the family and the educational system contribute to transferring a culture from one Facial expression plays in intercultural communication to another; Language. When interacting, people from different cultures need to agree on a common language to establish a meaningful dialogue. If the common language is the native language of one of the parts, there might be communication problems, if that part is not aware that its counterpart makes efforts to use a second communication language.
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Language may be the main barrier to ICC; Non-verbal cues. These are communication patterns in the form of gestures, facial expression, eye contact, movement, using time and space. For example, when discussing key concepts of intercultural communication such as identity, nationality, intercultural verbal and nonverbal interactions, assimilation, inter-group relations, ethics and cultural diversity, Jandt explores the barriers to ICC coined previously by Barna, in Anxiety or stress In a new cultural environment, people are exposed to new verbal, physical and psychological factors that may generate anxiety or tension.
This situation leads frequently to a defensive reaction which affects communication considerably. Assuming similarities instead of differences As human beings we tend to think that, based on our common biological and social needs, we all are similar, despite the cultures we represent.
The contact with a new culture and the lack of information about it may lead to assuming similarity instead of differences. Jandt also points out that the opposite situation could be a barrier as well, namely assuming difference instead of similarity, because people will not be aware of what cultures share in common.
He advisesp. Ethnocentrism This involves a negative approach of judging attributes of other cultures by relating them to the own cultural norms. Each culture leans to see itself as superior or unique.
Ethnocentrism is based on the fact that a group of people, representing a culture, tend to put their own culture in the middle and then relate other cultures according to their own values and norms that are familiar to them.
Stereotypes and prejudices It is known that stereotypes contribute to minimising the fear when getting in contact with a new culture, helping feelings of security in a new cultural setting.
But people tend to assess other persons based on oversimplified ideas and judgements generated by incomplete information about a culture and its people. Stereotyping means, therefore, applying these standardised patterns to a culture.
Prejudices are negative attitudes towards a group of people or cultures. Nonverbal misinterpretations The perception of other cultures might be influenced by own cultural norms, sensorial capabilities seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling and body language interpretation.
In other words, humans tend to decode such attributes through their own referential system. Space and time attributes, and how they are perceived within new cultural settings, are hard to observe.An Analysis of Nonverbal Pragmatic Failure in Intercultural Communication.
Paper presented at the International Conference on Education, Language, Art and Intercultural Communication (ICELAIC), Zhengzhou, China. Nonverbal Communication Any communication interaction involves two major components in terms of how people are perceived: verbal, or what words are spoken and nonverbal, the cues such as facial expressions, posture, verbal intonations, and other body gestures.
ERIC WINTER, MFA. Associate Professor, Chair of Department Art + Design. [email protected] Eric Winter is a visual communicator with a varied professional background in print, environmental and interactive design.
nonverbal communication have been investigated by exploring different intercultural dimensions which include nonverbal immediacy and non-immediacy behaviours, Factors that influence facial expression 44 Cultural display rules 47 Communication plays a major role in people‟s everyday lives, impacting political, eco-.
It is critical to comprehend the information carried by facial expression, which plays a significant role in intercultural communication. The effective use of facial expression can not only facilitate communication and avoid mis- understanding, but also save unnecessary talking time.
Learning Objectives. Define nonverbal communication. Compare and contrast verbal communication and nonverbal communication.
Discuss the principles of nonverbal communication.