Ayaan Hirsi Ali Everyone followed the cartoon crisis, or the crisis about the cartoon drawings of Mohammed in Denmark. That led to an explosion of violence because large groups of Muslims still will not accept criticism of their religion.
At the same time, he was exposed to many aspects of Western philosophical and political thought. He attempted to explain and offer solutions for the problems faced by Muslim societies through traditional Islamic principles interwoven with, and understood from, the point of view of modern sociology and philosophy.
His articles from this period for the Mashhad daily newspaper, Khorasan, display his developing eclecticism and acquaintance with the ideas of modernist thinkers such as Jamal al-Din al-AfghaniSir Allama Muhammad Iqbal of Pakistan, among Muslims, and Sigmund Freud and Alexis Carrel. Inthe year of Mossadeq's overthrowhe became a member of the National Front.
He received his bachelor's degree from the University of Mashhad in Inhe was arrested again by the Iranian police, along with sixteen other members of the National Resistance Movement.
Shariati then managed to get a scholarship for France, where he continued his graduate studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. He left Paris after earning a PhD in sociology in from the Sorbonne. The following year, he began to read Frantz Fanon and translated an anthology of his work into Persian.
He was arrested in Paris on 17 January during a demonstration in honour of Patrice Lumumba. Inhe continued studying sociology and history of religionsand followed the courses of Islamic scholar Louis MassignonJacques Berque and the sociologist Georges Gurvitch.
Shariati then returned to Iran in where he was arrested and imprisoned for engaging in subversive political activities while in France. He was released after a few weeks, at which point he began teaching at the University of Mashhad.
Shariati then went to Tehran where he began lecturing at the Hosseiniye Ershad Institute. These lectures were hugely popular among his students and were spread by word of mouth throughout all economic sectors of society, including the middle and upper classes, where interest in his teachings began to grow immensely.
His continued success again aroused the interest of the government, which arrested him as well as many of his students.
Widespread pressure from the people, and an international outcry, eventually led to his release on 20 Marchafter eighteen months in solitary confinement.
Shariati was allowed to leave for England. He died three weeks later in a Southampton hospital under "mysterious circumstances" although in Ali Rahnema 's biography of Shariati, he is said to have died of a fatal heart attack. He is buried next to Sayyidah Zaynabthe granddaughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammadand the daughter of Aliin Damascus, Syria, where Iranian pilgrims often visit.
Views[ edit ] Ali Shariati and his family, one day after his release from prison.
Shariati sought to revive the revolutionary currents of Shiism. He suggested that the role of government was to guide society in the best possible manner rather than manage it in the best possible way.
He is said to have adopted the idea of Gharbzadegi from Jalal Al-e Ahmad and given it "its most vibrant and influential second life".
Shariati believed Shia should not merely await the return of the 12th Imambut should actively work to hasten his return by fighting for social justice"even to the point of embracing martyrdom ," saying "everyday is Ashouraevery place is Karbala ".Best Universities In Pakistan For Psychology Punjab University, Lahore is best for Psychology Degree.
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Introduction Qaid-e-Azam is a happy star in the history of Pakistan. He is my beloved personality, our national hero and founder of Pakistan (the center of Islam). His name is Muhammad Ali Jinnah, his father name was Poonjah Jinnah and his mother name was Mithibai Jinnah.
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Allama Iqbal Wrote the books of poetry in Urdu. Iqbal Wrote seven books of Persian poetry.