During the battle, the Achaeans capture a pair of beautiful maidens, Chryseis and Briseis. Chryses then prays to Apollo, who sends a plague upon the Achaean camp. After many Achaeans die, Agamemnon consults the prophet Calchas to determine the cause of the plague. When he learns that Chryseis is the cause, he reluctantly gives her up but then demands Briseis from Achilles as compensation.
Hector's name could thus be taken to mean 'holding fast'. Tischbein — According to the IliadHector did not approve of war between the Greeks and the Trojans. For ten years, the Achaeans besieged Troy and their allies in the east.
Hector commanded the Trojan army, with a number of subordinates including Polydamasand his brothers DeiphobusHelenusand Paris.
By all accounts, Hector was the best warrior the Trojans and their allies could field, and his fighting prowess was admired by Greeks and his own people alike. Diomedes and Odysseuswhen faced with his attack, described him as what Robert Fagles translated as an 'incredible dynamite', and a 'maniac'.
Duel with Protesilaus[ edit ] In the IliadHector's exploits in the war prior to the events of the book are recapitulated. He had fought the Greek champion Protesilaus in single combat at the start of the war and killed him.
A prophecy had stated that the first Greek to land on Trojan soil would die. Thus, ProtesilausAjaxand Odysseus would not land. Finally, Odysseus threw his shield out and landed on that, and Protesilaus jumped next from his own ship.
In the ensuing fight, Hector killed him, fulfilling the prophecy. Ajax and Hector exchange gifts woodcut in Andreas AlciatusEmblematum libellus, Duel with Ajax[ edit ] As described by Homer in the Iliad  at the advice of his brother Helenus who also is divinely inspired and being told by him that he is not destined to die yet, Hector managed to get both armies seated and challenges any one of the Greek warriors to single combat.
The Argives were initially reluctant to accept the challenge. However, after Nestor 's chiding, nine Greek heroes stepped up to the challenge and drew by lot to see who was to face Hector. Ajax wins and fights Hector to a stalemate for the entire day. With neither able to achieve victory as the day was about to end, they express admiration for each other's courage, skill, and strength.
Hector gave Ajax his sword, which Ajax later uses to kill himself. Ajax gave Hector his girdle that Achilles will later attach to his chariot to drag Hector's corpse around the walls of Troy. The Greeks and the Trojans make a truce to bury the dead. In the early dawn the next day the Greeks take advantage of it to build a wall and ditch around the ships.
Zeus is watching in the distance.In the Iliad, Homer use of detail and imagery represents his portrait of a hero through the brave acts of the leader of the Trojans, Hector.
The first quality that Homer uses to show us how Hector is a hero, is how honorable and well respected he is by his warriors and everyone that surrounds him. Homer shows this in Book 3, when Hector steps out between the two armies while they are fighting and holding his .
One of the greatest written epics, ''The Iliad'', is a testament to the heroics of many Greek and Trojan warriors.
Discover what Homer had to say about heroism in ''The Iliad''. Homer shows us a portrait of Hektor as a leader concerned for Troy and its people and as a man who believes strongly in the cultural code of his community.
Within Troy itself, Hektor reacts to social conditions in accordance with a heroic sense of order. Priam tearfully pleads with Achilles to take pity on a father bereft of his son and return Hector’s body.
He invokes the memory of Achilles’ own father, Peleus. Deeply moved, Achilles finally relents and returns Hector’s corpse to the Trojans. Both sides agree to a temporary .
If a hero is the most courageous man in the bunch, then Hector is more heroic than Achilles and King of the Myrmidons.
Hector is the true hero of Homer's Iliad. Although Achilles and Hector are both leaders of men, Hector leads with a mature sense that gives his men reason to respect him.
What angered Hector, making him face Achilles in Homer's Iliad? 1 educator answer Discuss the heroic code and the values of war in the Iliad with respect to Achilles and Hector.